Public speaking can be nerve-wracking at times. To help you through it, you have an assortment of techniques that you can use. Some of these techniques are very simple and straight forward, while others can be more complex and harder to implement. Many of the techniques I am going to discuss will be to the basics of what you can do at home.
When you are in public, you need to practice self-control. Use your feelings and your emotions to keep control of yourself and how you present yourself. With practice, you will find that most people who are uncomfortable with public speaking are also uncomfortable with sharing themselves with others.
Focus on your goal. Everyone has a goal for their speech. You need to be clear on what you want your speech to accomplish. Use this as your main focus for your speech.
The next thing you need to focus on is how you are going to prepare to speak. By studying ahead of time and practicing the preparation, you will be less nervous and more comfortable with what you will be doing. Also, try to identify some common mistakes that people make when they are preparing to speak.
Remember to pace yourself. Pacing yourself does not mean that you will get an early exit from your presentation, it just means that you should know how much time you have to deliver your message. If you have only one minute left, start off slowly, if you have ten minutes left, start off slowly as well.
The most common mistake when speaking in public is over-promoting. In order to keep yourself from being nervous and stiff, you need to remember that not everything that you say will be appreciated. You need to be positive and motivational. Simply repeating your goal or talking about something interesting about yourself will get you through the first half of your speech.
Practice from the comfort of your home. Your home is a great place to practice and rehearse. Do whatever you can to keep you at home. If you work, do not leave your workplace during your speech. You need to control how you are feeling and how you talk so that you can come out on the other side feeling confident and sharp.
Practice your conversational skills. If you cannot get away from the situation and give your speech, practice your voice by using your voice recorder. Practice in front of your mirror and just in your own voice.
Standing up. Standing up and having a look around before you go on stage is a good idea. You can move around and see what is going on before you start to talk.
Standing up in front of a crowd, especially in the beginning of your speech, will also help with the nervousness. It helps to remind you of your goal and your connection to the audience. This builds confidence.
Practice your gestures. Try to stand up and make your hand motions, both large and small. Also practice the smiles, shoulders shrug, and eye contact. These are all small but very effective techniques.